Although I do not possess the best understanding, yet by studying with learned gurus, by accumulating the knowledge of hearing and contemplation, this is how my understanding of realisation arose. Similar to the yoke and the neck of an ocean tortoise, understand that a human body is difficult to obtain. Similar to the jewel of Takshaka’s crown, understand that it is difficult to find a guru. Understand the changes of the body through the four seasons as the secret sign of death. Similar to a person being exiled to an enemy country, understand everything is left behind in passing away. Similar to the colours of a peacock’s feathers, understand everything is born from karma.
— Jetsun Dragpa Gyaltsen